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Sacroiliac Joint Fusion Treatment and Procedure

The sacroiliac joint, commonly referred to as the “SI joint”, is a strong, weight bearing joint in the lower back that connects the sacrum and the pelvis. There are two joints in total that move together as a single unit to act as shock absorbers for the spine. There is a small amount of movement in the joint, but normally the SI joint should fit together like a lock and key.

About the Sacroiliac Joint

As we age, the joint’s stability can change resulting in inflammation (or sacroiliitis) and lower back pain. This is commonly felt as pain on one side of the lower back, but, when SI joint dysfunction is severe, pain can also radiate to the hip, groin, buttocks, and down the back of the thigh.

SI joint pain may be worse with movements that stress the lock-and-key movements such as standing from a seated position, walking up an incline, prolonged sitting or walking, or twisting when rolling in bed at night. Diagnosing sacroiliac joint dysfunction can be done through evaluation and basic function testing.

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Diagnosing and Treating Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction

Diagnosing sacroiliac joint dysfunction can be done through evaluation and basic function testing. Patients are traditionally referred to a physical therapist that will perform an in-depth analysis of the SI joint functioning to then develop a customized treatment plan to restore motion to the joint. This should translate to a reduction in pain.

While sacroiliac joint dysfunction is often treated conservatively using physical therapy, medication, and SI joint injections, if the pain persists a sacroiliac joint fusion may be recommended with the goal of stabilizing the joints.

Expert Sacroiliac Joint and Spine Treatment

Virginia Spine Institute’s surgeons remain on the forefront of providing innovative spine treatments that are safer and more effective. Our very own Dr. Christopher Good was the first surgeon in North America to perform a robotic-guidance SI joint fusion in June 2013.

Our collective expertise in SI joint fusion techniques allows Virginia Spine Institute to offer an array of treatment options for our patients suffering from sacroiliac related pain.

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