Diagnosing & Treating Common Neurological Conditions

Neurological Conditions

Learn about the signs, symptoms and treatments

The nervous system can be a complex and confusing part of your body. It includes the brain, the spinal cord, the muscles, and all the nerves connecting them. A problem with any part of this pathway can cause you to have neurologic symptoms, which can include weakness in the arms or legs, numbness and pain in the arms or legs, headaches, confusion, nausea, vomiting, abnormal movements like tremors, and even difficulty with speech, language, and vision. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, please call to schedule an evaluation with our neurologist, who will perform a detailed history and physical examination. With these tools, we can often help determine if the problem is in the brain, spinal cord, muscles, or connections between these parts of the nervous system. Extra testing, such as with MRI or EMG, might be necessary to help make a diagnosis and get you the treatment you need.

Common Neurological Conditions


When you choose Virginia Spine Institute you can expect to experience best in class concussion care. Our comprehensive model includes a neurological evaluation combined with in-house specialized concussion therapy. Under the care of our neurologist Dr. Sommer Ebdlahad (a Credentialed ImPACT Consultant) you will first be evaluated for all potential symptoms as a result of a concussion. From there he will specifically target the areas of impact and begin to devise a custom treatment plan to include concussion-specialized physical therapy.



Migraine is the sixth most disabling illness worldwide, affecting nearly 40 million Americans and approximately one in every four households. More than just a headache, a migraine is a complex neurological disorder. It not only causes pain, but it can also result in light and sound sensitivity, vision changes, difficulty concentrating, nausea, vomiting, and other neurological symptoms.



To understand neuropathy, think of the nerves in your arms and legs as electric cords connecting your extremities to your spinal cord. Not only do they carry sensation from the arms and legs to the spinal cord, but they also carry directions on how to move from brain and spinal cord to your muscles. Just like electric cords, the nerves have a wire in the center and insulation around the wire, both of which are needed to transmit the signals. Neuropathy is when damage occurs to these electric cords, whether to the wire, the insulation, or both.



The brain has many nerve cells that communicate via electric impulses. A seizure results when an abnormal surge of electric activity causes our awareness of the world around us to “crash,” just like a computer. A “crash” for our brain may lead to loss of consciousness. Additionally, the surge of electric impulses may activate brain cells that should not be activated, leading to abnormal actions in parts of our body such as convulsions, tongue biting, and loss of bowel or bladder control.



A skilled neurologist can usually differentiate an essential tremor from a more serious cause of tremor such as Parkinson disease on the basis of history and physical examination. Therefore, if you notice a tremor, it is important to have a neurologist assess it. Essential tremor, while not a life-threatening condition, can interfere with your ability to do anything with the body parts involved.


When to Seek Care for Your Neurological Symptoms

It can be difficult to know when to see a doctor for a neurologic issue. However, if you experience any of the following, please give us a call to schedule a consultation with our neurologist:
  • Weakness in the arms or legs
  • Numbness and pain in the arms or legs
  • New headache
  • Loss of vision or changes in vision
  • Tremor or other abnormal movements of the hands and legs
  • Seizures
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion or other memory problems
  • Problems with sleep
  • Any of the above symptoms after a blow to the head, car accident, or other traumatic event

Schedule a Neurological Consultation