What Is The Sacroiliac Joint? | Virginia Spine Institute
Insights To Help Get You Back To Your Life.

Share This Post

Ask The Expert: What Is The Sacroiliac Joint?

October 24, 2016

One of the most common complaints I see in my clinic is the result of Sacroiliac {SI} Joint pain. There are two sacroiliac joints that connect with the pelvis and the lower part of the spine. Most joints, like the knee and hip, have a wide range of motion but the SI joint rotates and tilts only slightly. It’s limited rotation is actually beneficial in its role which is to stabilize and support the pelvis, helping to transmit the weight of the upper body to the legs and act as a “shock absorber” when walking or running.

The SI joint can be injured in a number of ways making even daily activities like sitting, walking, or climbing stairs difficult. This is called Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction.


The most common cause of SI Joint Dysfunction can be traced back to a specific event, like an injury from a car accident or fall. Other times there is no obvious reason for the problem but could a result of any of these:

  • Sports injuries
  • Stress or injury to the joint over and over, such as from jogging
  • Older age
  • One leg that’s shorter than the other
  • A spinal injury
  • Scoliosis (abnormal curvature of the spine)
  • Spinal surgery, especially operations that fuse the lower part of the spine
  • Pregnancy
    • The hormones that a woman’s body makes near the time of delivery can cause the pelvis to relax and change position. Weight gain, changes in posture, and the childbirth process can also cause problems in the joint.

Pain is often the main symptom, usually in the lower back and buttock and sometimes the back and upper leg. Some people also feel SI joint pain in the groin, belly, or wrapping around from the back to the front of the thigh. The pain is often worst in the transition from sitting to standing or standing to sitting. Discomfort from SI joint dysfunction usually shows up on one side of the body rather than both sides.


Virginia Spine Institute offers both non-operative and operative treatment options for SI joint pain including spinal injectionsprolotherapy, and in some cases sacroiliac joint fusion. Lower back and leg pain could be the result of many conditions, however, so schedule an appointment with a doctor to figure out if your SI joint is really the cause of your discomfort.


Virginia Spine Institute’s reputation is unmatched as a world-renowned luxury destination in spinal healthcare, dedicated to providing an elevated level of concierge care for those suffering from neck and back conditions. For three decades, their proven methods have led them to dramatically improving the quality of life for over 100,000 patients, from 32 countries.


People seek care from Virginia Spine Institute because of their elite team of board-certified spine-specialized physicians offering unique approaches to safe and effective back and neck pain relief. As one of the few centers that begin treatment with non-surgical options before recommending surgery, 90% of their patients get better without spine surgery. Through a comprehensive model, Virginia Spine Institute is able to offer regenerative medicine, non-operative treatments, minimally-invasive spine surgery, and physical therapy through their team of spine specialists.


The team’s dedication to detail and patient success is a shining light in the field of spinal healthcare. As pioneers and leaders in this field, they have also accomplished many of the world’s firsts in spine surgery by using modern treatments and cutting-edge technology not offered anywhere else.

Schedule Your Consult


Share This Post

Learn how we can get you back to the life you love!

Inquire Today